The Green movement began in the 1970s, with roots in various environmental and social movements around the world.
The Green movement is global in scope, unlike conventional political parties that are only national or sub-national in scope.
Green political parties are now active in nearly 90 countries.
- Green parties have achieved modest electoral successes, notably in Europe, New Zealand, Australia, the USA and Canada.
Most Green parties collaborated to develop the Charter of the Global Greens, which was adopted in 2001 and updated in 2012 and 2017. The Charter includes six core principles:
- Ecological Wisdom
- Social Justice
- Participatory Democracy
- Respect for Diversity
Greens generally do politics differently:
- Greens seek collaboration and consensus, rather than competition and domination.
- Greens seek to base policies on evidence, rather than ideology.
- Greens seek solutions that work, no matter who gets the credit.
In contrast to the other parties, the Green Party will never place the pursuit of power above principle, we will never allow partisan politics to get in the way of good ideas and needed action.
— Elizabeth May, former Leader, Green Party of Canada